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Deendayal Upadhyaya – Grameen Kaushalya Yojana - DDU-GKY


Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) is the skilling and placement initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India. DDU-GKY has its origins in the Aajeevika Skills programme and the ‘Special Projects’ component of the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY). The scheme focuses on catering to the occupational aspirations of rural youth and enhancing their skills for wage employment.

Implementation of DDU-GKY involves State Governments, Technical Support Agencies like the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD & PR), and Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs).

MoRD has notified the Guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) to be followed while implementing the programme. It is mandatory for all project functionaries under DDU-GKY to be trained, assessed and certified in the Standard Operating Procedures.


To be a Centre of Excellence and a global leader for policy design and implementation in skilling and placement linked skill programs for rural youth of the developing countries.


To provide technical services such as monitoring, evaluation, training, content development, and research for the programs undertaken by Government at national level to enable rural poor youths including socially disadvantaged groups to secure a better future.


  • Make NIRDPR the nodal advisory institute for skilling and placement linked programs for rural youth in the country by 2020
  • Enhance the competencies of stakeholders and functionaries in the effective implementation of placement linked skills programs for the benefit of the rural youth in India.
  • Be a knowledge repository of skilling initiatives and programs in the developing world.
  • To be the leader in impact evaluation research of skilling programs

Status of DDU-GKY Project

Scheme No. of Projects Target Trained Placed Undergoing Training
SGSY(SP) 89 6,93,213 6,52,798 5,23,210 No Training under Progress
– Project in Closure Stage
DDU-GKY (YPS) 99 3,39,116 38,980 10,568* 14,536
DDU-GKY (APS) 231 3,27,015 67,846 23,422* 85,003
Himayat 20 78,595 63244 47296 3120
Total 439 14,37,939 8,22,868 6,04,496 1,02,659

Implementation model

DDU-GKY follows a 3-tier implementation model. The DDU-GKY National Unit at MoRD is the agency responsible for national policy-making, funding, technical support and facilitation. The DDU-GKY State Skill Missions embedded in general within the State Rural Livelihood Missions (SRLMs) and NIRD are envisioned to play a central role in providing co-funding and implementation support to DDU-GKY in the State; and the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) who implement the programme through skill training and placement projects.


(A) Twelfth plan targets and performance (National Overview)
2012-2013 212,000 217,997
2013-2014 250,000 204,783
2014-2015 210,000 86,120
2015-2016 177,896 270,392
2016-2017 201,000
Total 1,050,000 711,052

Challenges and opportunities

  • Work with other Ministries
  • Develop knowledge base which could be a reference source for the country
  • Develop frameworks and methods in assessing the impact of skill programs
  • Development into a process design and certifying agency for skilling systems in country
  • Thinking globally with special focus on developing countries in Asia and Africa

Centre for Skills and Jobs (DDU-GKY Centre) is on a threshold:

  • It can wipe out many a tear from the eyes of poor and deserving
  • It can have a forward looking outlook to make a global impact

Key Features

Project implementation agency (PIA)

  • Ensuring that trainees are able to access skilling and placement services free of cost.
  • Providing financial assistance for transport/ lodging and food during training.
  • Providing for post placement support for six months.
  • Providing for post-placement counseling, facilitation and tracking for one year.
  • Providing training in a number of trades that do not require formal education.
  • Encouraging exemplary performance in skill development by various stakeholders by instituting awards by State Government
  • Migration Support and Alumni Network to enable farm to factory transition.
  • Emphasis on regions like Jammu & Kashmir (HIMAYAT), 27 Left Wing Extremist Districts (ROSHINI) and North East States.
  • Inclusive Program Design which involves mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups (SC/ST 50%, Minority 15%, Women 33%)

Policy advisory

  • Working with the Ministry of Rural Development to design and deliver a standards led delivery for the program
  • Working with MoRD and other key stakeholders to define the strategic imperatives of the program
  • Designing the Standard Operating Procedures to provide essential quality assurance framework for training infrastructure and service delivery
  • Working with MoRD and other key stakeholders to define the policy guidelines for `the program

Capacity building

  • The sole Central Agency entrusted with capacity building for the program
  • Disseminating knowledge and enabling field functionaries in implementing the DDU-GKY programme
  • Knowledge bank - SOP,ESOP & PFMS
  • DDU-GKY website,
  • Resource pool of Master trainers for orientation on DDU-GKY
  • Capacity building of Project Implementing Agencies
  • E-office
  • Has taken the leadership role in coordinating innovative capacity building initiatives
  • Considerable progress in the past one year:
    • Trained around 5000 people in 130 programmes
    • Developed a web portal for e-learning and certification on SOP

Impact evaluation

  • Taking up full research studies based panel data
  • Conducting labour market studies
  • Conducting skill gap studies

Faculty Profile

Name Dr. Sandhya Gopakumaran
Designation Director – Training & Development
Contact No. 040-24001205

Designation Director - MIS(i/c)
Contact No. 040-24001207

Designation Director - Finance
Contact No. 040-24008548


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